There are tons of reasons to choose soy wax for your candles, from consumer benefits to environmental ones. Not only is soy wax natural and sustainable, it’s also generally easier to clean up and has a cooler burn pool than typical waxes on the market.
Once you decide to begin using soy wax to make candles, though, there are a few pieces of terminology you need to understand that will help you along the way. Here are 5 common soy wax terms, explained:
Soy Wax: A renewable, sustainable wax that is primarily or wholly derived from soybean oil, and that does not contain any petroleum, insect, animal, mineral, or paraffin waxes. EcoSoya® soy wax is guaranteed 100% vegetable, Kosher certified, vegan, and biodegradable, and is the only soy wax on the market specifically designed for candle making.
Soybean Oil: Oil extracted from soybeans that is used in a wide variety of applications. Soybean oil is primarily composed of C-18 triglycerides and is low in fatty acid saturation. Soybean oil is also considered a type of vegetable oil. EcoSoya waxes start with domestically grown U.S. soybeans, from which the oil is separated.
Hydrogenation: The process of breaking carbon-carbon double bonds in a fatty acid and replacing them with hydrogen. Hydrogenation is the mechanism used to produce partially to fully saturated fats. Through hydrogenation, liquid oils are transformed to solid shortenings by becoming more saturated, increasing their melt points. Both partially and fully hydrogenated fats are commodity products, and are commonly used in the food industry.
Saturated Fat: A fat that has no carbon-carbon double bonds and is therefore completely saturated with hydrogen. A fat can be naturally saturated or it can be purposefully saturated through the process of hydrogenation. Since a saturated fat lacks carbon double bonds, saturated fats have a higher melt point and are typically solid at room temperature.
Shortening: A vegetable oil that has been solidified (saturated) by hydrogenation. Typically, the higher the degree of saturation of a shortening, the higher the melt point will be.
When we create our premium EcoSoya waxes, our purified soybean oil goes through the hydrogenation process, changing it from liquid oil to a solid state at room temperature. Depending on the wax, we incorporate the finest botanical oils available. Finally, all EcoSoya waxes go through our Molecular Blueprinting process to overcome natural variations in soy and the polymorphic characteristics of soy crystallization, resulting in a stable, balanced soy wax that’s ideal for making top-quality soy wax candles.